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Five Critical Elements of Any Adult Education Program
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Five Critical Elements of Any Adult Education Program

There are a number of critical elements each institution must consider to develop highly successful adult education programs, but without making a commitment to widening accessibility the benefits of the other elements cannot be fully realized.

Rapid changes in technology and the impact of globalization are pushing higher education institutions to adapt to the needs of adult learners. However, adult learners’ lives are complex and their needs are both diverse and extensive. There are five principles that institutions should adhere to in order to enable adults to return to the classroom and contribute to individual and community growth.

1. Institutional Commitment

An institution’s commitment to lifelong learning is the cornerstone for adult engagement. Key aspects of demonstrating that commitment include defining and heightening the role of adult learning in the institution’s strategic plan, increasing the number of faculty partnerships to draw on in-house expertise and current research, and developing a formal partnership with alumni relations. As an example,

UBC Continuing Studies reflects its respect for adult learning needs in the benefits available to UBC graduates and in award-winning programs like the summer institute in Sustainability Leadership.

2. Program Relevance and Diversity

Consideration for adult needs is further reflected in the programs offered by the school. Are they responsive to community needs? Do the options for learning include professional development and personal interest? Does the institution recognize formal education from other schools and informal learning gained from workplace experience? Are the courses and certificates relevant?

An outstanding example of a unique program is the Trois-Pistoles French Immersion School, which Western runs to meet the demand for bilingualism education in Canada. For 80 years, more than 25,000 students have enrolled in the School in Trois-Pistoles, Québec, where learning French contributes to an appreciation for one of Canada’s official languages and distinct cultures. At Western Continuing Studies, post-degree diplomas for new graduates, certificates in professional development and personal interest courses show the diversity of goals and interests in the lives of adults.

3. Excellence in Educational Experience

Standards of academic excellence are critical to an institution’s reputation and the stability and growth of an adult education provider. Adult learners who enroll in programs at a college or university expect an outstanding experience in the classroom and are willing to pay the higher associated costs. Through their professionalism and expertise in sharing their knowledge, course instructors validate the adult learner’s choice to take courses at a college or university.

4. Partnerships

Partnerships appeal to another important aspect of adult learning needs and are reflected in multiple ways, such as programs that are associated with professional organizations. Several programs at Western Continuing Studies are recognized by national and international organizations, such as the Project Management Institute, Canadian Institute of Management, Human Resources Professional Association and Alternative Dispute Resolution Institute of Ontario.

Relationships with employers provide another example of partnerships. As a result of the practicum component in post-degree diplomas, Western has formed partnerships with hundreds of employers in the community, nationally and internationally where students apply the learning and knowledge from courses in the workplace.

5. Accessibility

Without accessibility, all of the above factors are irrelevant. Multiple campuses, online delivery, customer service and financial aid all contribute to accessibility in lifelong learning. Many schools in large cities recognize how the campus location enables access and consequently, provide students with several choices to enroll in courses. For example, University of Toronto, which is in a city of 2.6 million people, offers three campuses to serve the adult learners in its boundaries. Another way to ensure an accessible location is moving from the main campus to the downtown. In a central location in downtown London, Western Continuing Studies not only improves accessibility in the community, but has also contributed to the downtown revival and economy.

Funding for students is critical to accessibility. With financial aid, including educational assistance from employers, government programs and bursaries from endowment funds, one barrier for adult learners to continue their learning is removed.

More than anything else, online learning expands accessibility and meets the needs of adult learners, whose time and mobility are at a premium. In 2012, enrollment in Western Continuing Studies online learning grew by 81 percent, which indicates adults’ readiness to learn in the virtual classroom. Whether it’s the registration system to enroll in courses or the Learning Management System to ensure excellence in the virtual student experience, funding for technology is a key investment for meeting the needs of adult learners. Going beyond geographic boundaries so that adults from around the world can enroll in online programs is the most significant development in lifelong learning since its inception.

Ensuring that your institution delivers on these five elements is critical to meeting the needs of today’s adult students. From online learning to an institution’s strategic plan, multiple factors not only enable adults to return to the classroom at a practical level, they provide the potential to transform an individual, the community he/she lives in and our society overall.

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3 Responses to Five Critical Elements of Any Adult Education Program

  1. Rebecca Cruser Reply

    2013/01/11 at 6:32 am

    You point out a really critical notion at the end; without increasing accessibility, none of these will be even 20% as effective as they otherwise could be.

    Increasingly accessibility, I think, should be the number one priority for higher education institutions over the next decade. Without focused attention on making this a reality, we’re going to be leaving a huge number of students without any viable educational options.

    As a side note – Carolyn: do you think for profit institutions will make the same strides in Canada as they have in the US? They seemed to be responding to exactly that need for greater accessibility and have provided public institutions with really significant competition for enrollments from what is now the largest student group. Do you think that’s going to happen in Canada as well?

  2. Stephen Gotti Reply

    2013/01/11 at 9:08 am

    It’s incredible how often colleges and universities have people “double-doing” work – there is so little communication between departments and even fauclies that it’s a wonder anything gets done at all.

    A systemized approach to sharing best practices and resources is critical to ensuring our HE system is efficient and successful

  3. Jenny Cook Reply

    2013/03/26 at 2:41 pm

    Great article! We really do need to emphasize the need to continuing ones education.

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