1. What steps can institutions that are largely set up to serve traditional-age students take to transition to serving adults?
Here in Ohio, only 24 percent of citizens have a bachelor’s degree or higher, compared to 30 percent nationally. We have a real sense of urgency in the state to rectify this. We must have a prepared and educated workforce for Ohio to continue to be an attractive location for employers.
With a declining population of 18-year-olds, the obvious path to increasing the number of college-educated Ohioans is by reaching non-traditional students.
To accomplish that, we can create partnerships with community colleges in areas of study that have a large number of adult students. In addition, we can establish online or blended programs that are in high demand by the adult student population. We need to ensure our programs are flexible and serve the needs of adult students.
Creativity and out-of-the-box thinking will also be key. One of things we are exploring at BGSU is reaching out to former students who left in good standing. How can we help them complete their degree? How can we adapt to what they need, rather than expecting them to adapt to us?
2. Following on this theme, can this transition to serving non-traditional students happen quickly, or is it more akin to turning a ship?
It is more akin to turning a ship.
The faculty and faculty administrators must understand the need to serve the adult learner. While many innovative ideas and discoveries have come from universities, most of us in higher education have become accustomed to a pedagogical model that has been around for hundreds of years. We have to take that spirit of innovation that has brought us so much in the sciences and humanities, and apply it to ourselves.
3. What are the most significant challenges an institution may face when its main student demographic shifts?
We must meet the needs of the new student demographic and understand the need to change content and form of delivery. It’s really about understanding how people live. Adult learners don’t have the same schedules traditional students have. While many traditional students juggle a job and school, most of them don’t have families and other responsibilities that chip away at their time and energy.
It is also critical that we understand how a degree will help adult learners and why they are pursuing higher education. Is it about career advancement, setting a good example for their own children or about learning in general? Higher education, as a whole, and particularly those of us at traditional, four-year institutions, need to take more time to listen to this audience.
4. How can institutional partnerships, with community colleges, for example, help universities to better serve non-traditional students?
As a nation, it’s essential we begin to address high student debt by controlling the cost of higher education. These partnerships with community colleges are an effective way to do that and provide a win-win for both institutions. It’s so important to create those pathways for transfer students, and many times it is simply a matter of changing long-standing policies.
Once again, we have to be creative and innovative in how we partner with community colleges. We can’t assume students will automatically make that transfer. We need to find ways to connect them to the university from the first day they start their college education, even if they begin at a community college.
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